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You are here: > Directory > Cold Fusion

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Cold Fusion -- 18 Years and Heating Up

Ambient temperature fusion technologies and developments.

Page Contents:
Latest • Overview • Commercial Applications • Related Sites • Books • 16 Year Anniversary • 15 Year Anniversary • Controversy Cooling • Educational • Research and Development • Cold Fusion Variants • Documentary • In the Movies • Hal Ade's Cold Fusion Links • See also

See also:
- Sonofusion;
- ColdFusion
- index at

Also known as: Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR), or Chemically Assisted Nuclear Reactions (CANR)

Click here to buy Cold Fusion: Fire from Water.

Latest Developments

  • An Interview with Dr. Edmund Storms (pdf) - John Allen Rudesill from Infinite Energy interviews the well-revered author of The Science of Low Energy Nuclear Reaction: A Comprehensive Compilation of Evidence and Explanations About Cold Fusion. (Infinite Energy; Issue 75, 2007)
  • Cold-Fusion Graybeards Keep the Research Coming - Recent conference at MIT concludes that with 3,000+ published studies from around the world, the question of whether Cold Fusion is real is not the issue.  Now the question is whether or not it can be made commercially viable, and for that, some serious funding is needed. (Wired; Aug. 22, 2007)
  • Navy Heats Up Cold Fusion Hopes - A recently published academic paper from the Navy's Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (Spawar) in San Diego throws cold water on skeptics of cold fusion. The article claims that Spawar scientists have achieved a low energy nuclear reaction (LERN) that can be replicated and verified by the scientific community. (DailyTech; May 5, 2007) (See Slashdot discussion)
  • Navy Discovers Cold Fusion (again) - The Navy back in 2002 published two volumes in support of cold fusion. Now, Navy researchers from the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center have published an article in the respected journal Naturwissenschaften, claiming an experiment that is highly reproducible and demonstrates nuclear reactions. (ZPEnergy; Mar. 27, 2007)
  • Practical Fusion, or Just a Bubble? - Impulse Devices is exploring sound-driven fusion, called sonofusion or bubble fusion, to expand and collapse tiny bubbles, generating ultrahot temperatures. Other researchers already have working desktop fusion devices, but building a fusion reactor that generates more energy than it consumes is far more challenging. (New York Times; Feb. 27, 2007)
  • Cold Fusion Scientist Exonerated - the scientist who discovered a possible cold fusion reaction by bombarding a solvent with neutrons and sonic waves has recently been exonerated of accusations of scientific misconduct following the verification of his results by another scientist. (New Scientist; Feb. 19, 2007) (See Slashdot discussion)
  • Gene Mallove's cold fusion dreams survive - Review of progress made in field, with increasing validation and academic acceptance. Commercial applications expected from D2Fusion, and Blacklight Power, including a 1 kW generator pending. (Concord Monitor; Aug. 8, 2006)
  • Cold Fusion in Investment Banker Article - "Cold fusion, while still highly experimental, offers the potential for cheap and virtually unlimited power for electricity generation, transportation, space flight, and home heating." (FreeMarketNews; May 30, 2006)
    [Comment: No investment business would say that unless they've done their due diligence. -- Hal Ade, NEC]
  • Successful Cold Fusion Replication - Researchers in Boulder Colorado report 1.3 to 1.4 more energy out than was put into the system, replicating an experimental procedure described in a paper presented at the ICCF12 meeting in Japan last November.  (JLN Labs; Mar. 20, 2006)
  • Rensselaer Confirms UCLA Tabletop Fusion - New York physicists have confirmed that a tabletop contraption made at UCLA does in fact generate nuclear fusion at room temperatures, using pairs of crystals and a small tank of deuterium. Could lead to ultra-portable x-ray machines and even a wearable device that could provide safe, continuous cancer treatment. (ScienceBlog; Feb. 13, 2006) (See Slashdot discussion)
  • Abnormal excess heat observed during Mizuno-type experiments - Video presentation, with photos and reprint of paper by Fauvarque et al., presented presented at the 12th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (ICCF-12) at Yokohama city, Japan; Nov. 27 - Dec. 2, 2005. (JLNLabs; Dec. 20, 2005)
  • Bench Top Cold Fusion Reported at UCLA Makes Worldwide Splash - MILESTONE: The prestigious Nature journal today has published a report of table top cold fusion at UCLA. An Associate Press story is receiving widespread coverage by mainstream news organizations. (PESN; April 28, 2005)
  • Bench Top Sonofusion at Purdue and Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute - IEEE reports apparatus that produces nuclear fusion inside tiny vapor bubbles may one day give us cheap, clean, and virtually limitless energy. (PESN; April 28, 2005)
  • Cold Fusion Conferences > Cold Fusion Goes Back to School at MIT - Colloquium to be held on Massachusetts Institute of Technology campus May 21, 2005. (PESN; April 20, 2005)
  • The Unlimited Energy Source: A Myth or Reality? - Edmund Storms, a retired scientist of the US Los Alamos National Laboratory, has built a cold fusion reactor. It consists of laboratory glassware, off-the-shelf chemical supplies, two aging Macintosh personal computers for data acquisition, and an insulated wooden box the size of a kitchen cabinet. Storms's apparatus and ancillary gear have cost less than $50,000. Moreover, he claims that his equipment works, generating surplus heat for days at a time. (Nigeria World; March 27, 2005)
  • 'Solid State (Cold) Fusion Papers to be highlighted at APS March meeting - The America Physical Society will feature a full session presenting solid state (cold) fusion papers on Thursday March 24th at the Los Angeles Convention Center. (ZPEnergy; Jan. 17, 2005)
  • US DOE Report on Cold Fusion is Out - "While significant progress has been made in the sophistication of calorimeters since the review of this subject in 1989, the conclusions reached by the reviewers today are similar to those found in the 1989 review." (FreeEnergyNews; Dec. 1, 2004)



The Rebirth of Cold Fusion: Real Science, Real Hope, Real Energy
by Steven B. Krivit, Nadine Winocur

Commercial Applications

  • - Claims to be preparing kilowatt-level devices for market introduction in late 2005 or early 2006. D2Fusion was recently acquired by Solar Energy Limited of Vancouver, Canada.  Skeptics doubt the validity of milestone claims.

Related Sites



16 Year Anniversary: March 23, 2005

  • In from the cold - Sixteen years after the hope, hype and recriminations, cold fusion is news again. David Adam investigates a scientific controversy that won't go away. (; March 24, 2005)

15 Year Anniversary: March 23, 2004


Controversy Cooling

  • Cold Fusion: A Heated History -A visit to MIT to get an update on the present work being done in cold fusion.  "Because of his continued work on cold fusion, Peter Hagelstein lives a life of virtual academic exile at MIT." (Living on the Earth; Sept. 30, 2005)
Professor Peter Hagelstein of MIT draws a diagram illustrating cold fusion theory
  • Coming in out of the cold: Cold fusion, for real - Christian Science Monitor weighs in on recent room-temperature fusion report from UCLA. For real, but not very practical. (June 6, 2005)
  • It's deemed impossible by scientific theory, but cold fusion is back - #13 of "13 things that do not make sense" article by New Scientist. (March 19, 2005)
  • The Big Science Chill - The politics of science gave Cold Fusion a bum wrap. (Technology News; Jan. 7)
  • Whatever Happened to Cold Fusion? - "Between Cold Fusion and respectable science there is virtually no communication at all. Cold fusion papers are almost never published in refereed scientific journals, with the result that those works don't receive the normal critical scrutiny that science requires. On the other hand, because the Cold-Fusioners see themselves as a community under siege, there is little internal criticism." (Dr. David Goldstein; Caltech 2002)
  • Warming Up to Cold Fusion - Washington Post runs a feature length story, reviving hope for a future of clean, inexhaustible, inexpensive energy. Fifteen years after the scientific embarrassment of the century, is this the beginning of something big -- again?
    (Washington Post; Nov. 20, 2004)
  • Cold Fusion Back From the Dead - Later this month, the U.S. Department of Energy will receive a report from a panel of experts on the prospects for cold fusion—the supposed generation of thermonuclear energy using tabletop apparatus (IEEE Spectrum; Aug. 31, 2004)
  • Nobel Laureate Brian Josephson Bemoans Cold Fusion Taboo - It's unfortunate that you cannot publish a paper having the words ‘cold fusion’ in it, despite the merits of the research. Address to 500 top grad students.  (U of Chicago Chronicle; Nov. 18, 2004)
  • Science in neglect: Nobel laureate speaks out for cold fusion - Nobel prize winner Brian Josephson tells other Nobel laureates that the rejection of real empirical cold fusion phenomena by the scientific community is like the modern equivalent to continental drift. (New Energy Times; July 8, 2004)
  • Data Versus Dogma:  The Continuing Battle Over Cold Fusion - Establishment science continues to turn cold shoulder despite mounting scientific evidence. (PESN; March 24, 2004)



  • Cold Fusion Oral History to be Housed at the U of U - The University of Utah's J. Willard Marriott Library will be the repository for New Energy Foundation's Cold Fusion Oral History Collection upon its completion. This important oral record of the major researchers, theorists, journalists and administrators will complement other collections that the Library has related to cold fusion history. (PESN; Feb. 16, 2008)
  • High School Students Replicate Cold Fusion - While the dangers posed by cold fusion experimentation should be taken carefully into consideration, there are some helpful scientific papers available for those interested. One college professor reports that materials for an experiment can cost as little as $500 USD. (GTFE, Aug. 8)


Research and Development

  • Extra-Dimensional Power? - Graham Toquer postulates possible mechanisms whereby cold fusion obtains the extra power that is observed, possibly involving neutrinos and extradimensional shifts. (Infinite Energy; Issue 75, 2007)
  • Cold Fusion: Data vs Dogma: Fact vs Fiction - Leslie R. Pastor addresses the hypocrisy of the mainstream scientific community in handling the Cold Fusion revolution. Cites extensive resources regarding Cold Fusion developments. (PESN; April 3, 2005)
  • Cold fusion and the path of the quantum transition [direct] - Where the electron goes during the quantum transition has been a mystery. Cold fusion experiments may have revealed the process. (ZPEnergy; Jan. 20, 2005)
  • Researchers report bubble fusion results replicated - Researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Purdue University, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and the Russian Academy of Science have managed to replicate controversial cold fusion experiments. (The Inquirer, England; Jan. 21, 2005) (Citing March 2, 2004 press release)
  • Mozanium Discovered in Fusion Experiment - Russian scientist, Dr. Beika Mppetski, discovered new element when performing a 100C cold fusion experiment in his lab reactor and had inadvertently discarded the stirring vessel. (; March 31, 2005)


Cold Fusion Variants

  • Sonofusion - Room temperature fusion using sound frequencies
  • Explaining high density cold fusion - The process of cold fusion is very different from fusion processes in plasmas which are less dense by many factors of ten. (PRWeb, Ferndale, WA; Sept. 8, 2004)

JL Naudin


  • Cold Fusion by Plasma Electrolysis of Water - "It has been disclosed that transmutation of the atomic nuclei of alkaline metals and the atomic nuclei of the cathode material takes place during plasma electrolysis of water." (Post updated Dec. 20, 2002)



In the Movies

  • The Saint (1997) - Val Kilmer plays master of disguise Simon Templar, hired by the Russians to steal a formula for cold fusion from a distractingly beautiful physicist (Elisabeth Shue). (purchase)
  • Spiderman 2 - Has a Farnsworth Fusor-like device in it.


  • The 11th International Conference on Condensed Matter Nuclear Science (Formerly the International Conference on Cold Fusion) - Researchers from around the world will gather on October 31, 2004, in Marseille, France, to present scientific research, exchange ideas, and debate this most controversial and engaging field of research. (eMediaWire)


  • Federal Circuit Rejects Professor's Attempt to Patent Cold Fusion Technique - On appeal, the CAFC relied on the "scientific community's considerable doubt" regarding the utility of "cold fusion" in sustaining a prima facie case for lack of utility and enablement -- even though the articles relied upon by the PTO were anectodal and not peer-reviewed. (Patently Obvious; Chicago, IL, USA; Dec. 10, 2004)

Hal Ade's Cold Fusion Links

More links from Hal Ade

Contrast to High Energy Nuclear Reactions

Three Mile Island


See also

Index created by Sterling D. Allan, March 23, 2004
Last updated February 16, 2008



Making Algae Biodiesel


ADVISORY: With any technology, you take a high risk to invest significant time or money unless (1) independent testing has thoroughly corroborated the technology, (2) the group involved has intellectual rights to the technology, and (3) the group has the ability to make a success of the endeavor.
All truth passes through three stages:
   First, it is ridiculed;
   Second, it is violently opposed; and
   Third, it is accepted as self-evident.

-- Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860)

    "When you're one step ahead
of the crowd you're a genius.
When you're two steps ahead,
you're a crackpot."

-- Rabbi Shlomo Riskin, (Feb. 1998)

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